Words and Proper Names


MacDonald (Aidan): Caiseal, cathair, dùn, lios and ràth in Scotland: 3. lios.
In Ainm 2 (1987), pp. 37–54.
Toner (Gregory): Settlement and settlement terms in medieval Ireland: ráth and lios.
In Ainm 8 (1998), pp. 1–40.
Studies the meaning, chronology and distribution of these two place-name elements.
Flanagan (Deirdre): Settlement terms in Irish place-names.
In Onoma 17 (1972–1973), pp. 157–174.
On the use and distribution of the place-name elements dún, ráth, lios, cathair, caiseal.
Sweetser (Eve): Advantage and disadvantage: cognate formulas for a Welsh and Irish topos of otherworldly ambiguity.
In Rhetoric and reality in medieval Celtic literature [Melia studies] (2014), pp. 191–194.
Argues that the use of les and aimles in Tochmarc Étaíne (cf. LU 10822-3) possibly represents an inherited Common Celtic formula.