Toner (Gregory): Macha and the invention of myth.
In Ériu 60 (2010), pp. 81–109.
Offers a new analysis of Noínden Ulad and of the legend of Macha Mongrúad, and argues that of the four female characters called Macha in early Irish literature, only Macha Mongrúad and Macha, daughter of Ernmas, are genuine in the tradition, while Macha, wife of Nemed, and Macha, wife of Cruinniuc, are late literary inventions.


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