447.
Donnelly (Seán): Irish cranngal ‘cran’: a piper’s technical term.
In Celtica 20 (1988), pp. 132–140.
cranngal ‘a sound or effect in music’ is a compound of crann ‘wood’ and gal ‘valour, steam’, belonging to the first stage of such compounds, when gal expressed noise as well as action; see M. Dillon, in Celtica 8 (1968), pp. 196-200.

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