Fomin (Maxim): Multilingual practices and linguistic contacts in pre-Patrician Ireland and late Roman Britain.
In Studia Celto-Slavica 8 (2018), pp. 151–172.
Proposes the pre-Christian Irish had a knowledge of Latin acquired directly through contact with Romans at ‘nexus points’ (emporia, or coastal trade-centres) in Ireland; includes a discussion of linguistic borrowings from Latin in pre-Patrician Ireland and of Latin/Irish code-switching and diglossia in early documents.