Watkins (Calvert Ward)

(1933 – 2013)

Watkins (Calvert): ‘River’ in Celtic and Indo-European.
In Ériu 24 (1973), pp. 80–89.
Argues that the comparison with Anatolian proves the antiquity of Celtic n-stem paradigm *abō *abens.
Watkins (Calvert) (ed.): Indo-European studies II / edited by Calvert Watkins.
Cambridge, MA: Department of Linguistics, Harvard University, 1975. 539 pp.
Watkins (Calvert): Sick-maintenance in Indo-European.
In Ériu 27 (1976), pp. 21–25.
OIr. socht ‘stupor’ originally denoted a pathological state or variety of ‘sickness’; derivation from *sóktos from root *sek- ‘dryness’.

Repr. in Watkins selected writings II, pp. 560-564.
Watkins (Calvert): Varia: I. 1. A Hittite-Celtic etymology.
In Ériu 27 (1976), pp. 116–119.
OIr. serb (ā f) ‘theft’ is compared to Hitt. šāru ‘booty’.
Watkins (Calvert): Varia: I. 2. Ir. tindabrad.
In Ériu 27 (1976), pp. 119–122.
Watkins (Calvert): The etymology of Irish dúan.
In Celtica 11 (1976), pp. 270–277.
Derives it from *dap-nā, cf. L damnum. Also on other terminology from the reciprocal context of encomiastic poetry.

Repr. in Watkins selected writings II, pp. 536-543.
Lindeman (Fredrik Otto): Varia: I. A note on Old Irish sraithi, sraithius.
In Ériu 28 (1977), pp. 142–144.
ad C. Watkins, in Ériu 18 (1958), pp. 85-101 (cf. BILL 3261).
Watkins (Calvert) (ref.)
Watkins (Calvert): Varia: III. 1. OIr. clí and cleth ‘house-post’.
In Ériu 29 (1978), pp. 155–165.
Argues that clí (m.) ‘poet of the third highest rank’ is distinct from clí (f.) ‘house-post, pillar’, and that cleth (f.) ‘house-post’ and clí (f.) represent an instance of paradigm split. Additionally suggests that clith in Audacht Morainn, §§2.18, 63.163 (as ed. by F. Kelly, 1976) represents an oblique case of clí.
Watkins (Calvert): Varia: III. 2. In essar dam do ā?.
In Ériu 29 (1978), pp. 161–165.
On the word á ‘wagon, cart’ and the verse which glosses it in Cormac’s Glossary, beg. In essar dam do ā.
Watkins (Calvert): Is tre ḟír flathemon: marginalia to Audacht Morainn.
In Ériu 30 (1979), pp. 181–198.
Discusses other PIE parallels of ‘Act of Truth’ and cognate verbal expressions of the following four expressions: 1. Is tre ḟír flathemon ‘it is through the ruler’s truth’; 2. mortlithi (mórslóg no) márlóchet di doínib dingbatar ‘plagues, (a great host, or) great lightnings are warded off men’; 3. gáu ḟlathemon ‘ruler’s falsehood’; 4. [n]-aurdallat dána (support for emendation to ní-n-aurdallat anai ‘let not riches blind him’ (see F. Kelly, AM §31); 5. to- aidble éisc i sruthaib -snáither (emends to to- aidbli éisc i sruthaib -snáither ‘with abundance of fish it is swum in streams’, taking to-snáither to be an impersonal passive rather than 2nd sg. deponent (see F. Kelly, AM §20).

Repr. in Watkins selected writings II, pp. 626-643.
Kelly (Fergus) (ref.)
Watkins (Calvert): Old Irish saithe, Welsh haid: etymology and metaphor.
In ÉtC 16 (1979), pp. 191–194.
Suggests a semantic shift from PIE abstract *sh2tyo- ‘satiety’ to concrete PC *satio- ‘swarm of bees’.

Repr. in Watkins selected writings II, pp. 622-625.
Watkins (Calvert): Language, culture or history?
In Papers from the parasession on language and behavior (1981), pp. 238–248.
Discusses the Celtic background of the OIr. term nemed and the phrase fear an ais óir occurring in Classical Bardic poetry).

Repr. in Watkins selected writings II, pp. 663-673.
Watkins (Calvert) (ed.): Indo-European studies IV / edited by Calvert Watkins.
Cambridge, MA: Department of Linguistics, Harvard University, 1981. 799 pp.
Watkins (Calvert): Aspects of Indo-European poetics.
In Indo-Europeans in the fourth and third millennia (1982), pp. 104–120.
Repr. in Watkins selected writings II, pp. 674-690.
Watkins (Calvert): ‘Blind’ in Celtic and Romance.
In Ériu 34 (1983), pp. 113–116.
dall, caoch.

Repr. in Watkins selected writings II, pp. 691-694.
Watkins (Calvert): “In the interstices of procedure” : Indo-European legal language and comparative law.
In Studien zum indogermanischen Wortschatz (1987), pp. 305–314.
Watkins (Calvert): Two Anatolian forms: Palaic aškumāuwa-, Cuneiform Luvian wa-a-ar-ša.
In Fs. Hoenigswald (1987), pp. 399–404.
Also on OIr. fír ‘milk’.

Repr. in Watkins selected writings I, pp. 309-314.
Watkins (Calvert) (ed.): Studies in memory of Warren Cowgill (1929–1985): Papers from the Fourth East Coast Indo-European Conference, Cornell University, June 6–9, 1985 / edited by Calvert Watkins.
UISK, 3. Berlin: de Gruyter, 1987. x + 327 pp.
Rev. by
Karl Horst Schmidt, in ZCP 44 (1991), pp. 296-297.
Cowgill (Warren) (hon.)
Watkins (Calvert): Some Celtic phrasal echoes.
In Celtic language, Celtic culture [Fs. Hamp 1] (1990), pp. 47–56.
Repr. in Watkins selected writings II, pp. 741-750.
Watkins (Calvert): A Celtic-Latin-Hittite etymology.
In Lingering over words (1990), pp. 451–453.
On OIr. dún.

Repr. in Watkins selected writings II, pp. 751-753.
Watkins (Calvert): Another thorny problem.
In Linguistica 33 (1993), pp. 243–248.
Uses Hittite comparisons to argue for a specific meaning ‘hawthorn’ or ‘whitethorn’ for OIr. rare plant name ad.
Watkins (Calvert), Oliver (Lisi) (ed.): Calvert Watkins: selected writings / edited by Lisi Oliver.
IBS, 80. Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachwissenschaft der Universität Innsbruck, 1994. xvi + 771 pp.
Vol. I: Language and linguistics. xv + 346 pp.
Vol. II: Culture and poetics. 350-771 pp.

Supplemented by
Vol. III: Publications 1992–2008 / ed. by Lisi Oliver. Innsbruck: Inst. für Sprachen und Literaturen der Univ. Innsbruck, 2008. xiii + 325 (= 775-1100) pp. [= Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Sprachwissenschaft: Hauptreihe, 129].

Rev. by
Michael Janda, in Kratylos 55 (2010), pp. 54-60 (3).
Karl Horst Schmidt, in ZCP 48 (1996), pp. 318-320 (1-2).
Watkins (Calvert): How to kill a dragon: aspects of Indo-European poetics.
Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 1995. xiii + 613 pp.
Chap. 9: Ireland and the art of the syllable; 24: Early Irish rosc; 45: Fergus mac Léti and the muirdris.

Rev. by
Götz Keydana, in IF 106 (2001), pp. 282-290.
Bernfried Schlerath, in Kratylos 45 (2000), pp. 36-46.
Watkins (Calvert): A note on the art of the syllable.
In Celtic florilegium [O Hehir studies] (1996), pp. 210–215.
Offers a metrical analysis of verses 2-6 of Fo réir Choluimb céin ad-fías, as ed. by Fergus Kelly, in Ériu 24 (1973), pp 1-34.
Jasanoff (Jay) (ed.), Melchert (H. Craig) (ed.), Oliver (Lisi) (ed.): Mír curad: studies in honor of Calvert Watkins / edited by Jay Jasanoff, H. Craig Melchert and Lisi Oliver.
IBS, 92. Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachwissenschaft der Universität Innsbruck, 1998. xviii + 715 pp.
pp. ix-xviii: Calvert Watkins: list of publications 1954-1997.

Rev. by
Alfred Bammesberger, in Kratylos 47 (2002), pp. 51-58.
Brian D. Joseph, in Diachronica 17/2 (2000), pp. 451-458.
Helena Kurzová, in ZCP 52 (2001), pp. 237-246.
Edgar C. Polomé, in JIES 27/1-2 (1999), pp. 210-211.
Karl Horst Schmidt, in IF 106 (2001), pp. 290-298.
Watkins (Calvert) (hon.)
Watkins (Calvert): Two Celtic notes.
In Studia celtica et indogermanica [Fs. Meid] (1999), pp. 539–543.
I. Indo-European and Celtic dialectology; II. A Gaulish inscribed spindle whorl and Celtic phonology [On the treatment of PIE allophone [z] in Celtic].
Watkins (Calvert): The Old Irish word for ‘fleshfork’.
In Heroic poets and poetic heroes in Celtic tradition (2005), pp. 377–378.
OIr. aél.
Hoenigswald (Henry M.), Insler (Stanley), Jasanoff (Jay H.), Morpurgo Davies (Anna), Nussbaum (Alan), Watkins (Calvert): Reminiscences offered at the memorial service for Warren Crawford Cowgill.
In Cowgill writings (2006), pp. xxvii–xxxix.
I. Insler; II. Morpurgo Davies; III. Hoenigswald; IV. Jasanoff; V. Nussbaum; VI. Watkins.
Watkins (Calvert): What makes the study of Irish worthwhile.
In Why Irish? (2008), pp. 43–53.
Watkins (Calvert): The milk of the dawn cows revisited.
In East and West (2009), pp. 225–239.
Discusses the semantic and morphological evolution of OIr. fír ‘milk’ and fáir ‘dawn’ from PIE *weh1r- ‘water’.